amBMD

Geology

What Is Geology?

Geology is an earth science focused on the planet’s composition, structure, physical properties and history, as well as the processes that shape the Earth. Geologists help to locate and manage the earth’s natural resources, including fossil fuels, metals, gemstones and a variety of minerals.

Why Study Geology?

Geology-based careers include protecting the environment, exploring for fossil fuels, monitoring earthquakes, mapping floods, controlling landslides, predicting volcanic eruptions and analyzing the evidence of climate change. To be successful, geologists should have an aptitude for science and math and a desire to better understand the planet.

Geologists and geoscientists work in a variety of settings. They plan and conduct field studies, test materials in the laboratory, collect water, soil or rock samples. They analyze maps, satellite imagery and well logs, prepare reports and present their findings. Geologists work for companies that locate and extract natural resources and clean up the environment. Jobs also are available in government agencies and in education. The American Geological Institute estimates there will be a shortage of 135,000 geoscientists by 2022, indicating strong demand for geology and geoscience graduates in the workforce. Strong opportunities exist for geoscientists who speak a second language and are willing to work abroad. A bachelor's degree is required for entry-level employment in geology. Geologists often earn master’s degrees and doctorates. Career opportunities include:

    • Climatologist
    • Economic geologist
    • Educator
    • Engineering geologist
    • Environmental consultant
    • Environmental geologist
    • Exploration geologist
    • Geo-chemist
    • Geophysicist/seismologist
    • Hydro-geologist
    • Marine geologist
    • Mineralogist
    • Mining engineer
    • Museum curator
    • Oceanographer
    • Paleontologist
    • Petroleum geologist
    • Regional planner
    • Scientific writer
    • Soil scientist
    • Volcanologist
    • Water quality specialist
    • Well-site geologist
    • Mud logger
For additional salary and job information for geology, visit the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website. Check out the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for salary and job information on all occupations.

1950 Geology Pathway

Associate of Science, Pathway – Geology

Areas A-E of the Core Curriculum (42 Credit Hours) Recommendations Area A:
  • Required course: MATH 1112 College Trigonometry (3 Credit Hours) or MATH 1113 Precalculus (3 Credit Hours) or higher level MATH course.
Area D:
  • Required course: MATH 2201 Calculus for Life Sciences I (4 Credit Hours) or MATH 2211 Calculus of One Variable I (4 Credit Hours) or a higher-level mathematics course.
  • Recommended courses:
    • CHEM 1211 Principles of Chemistry I (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 1211 Principles of Chemistry I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • CHEM 1212 Principles of Chemistry II (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 1212 Principles of Chemistry II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
Area F: Courses Appropriate to the Pathway (18 Credit Hours)
  1. Carry over from Areas A and/or D (1-2 Credit Hours):
    • Students will carry one additional credit hour over to Area F for each 4-credit-hour mathematics course taken in Area A and/or Area D.
  2. Required Courses (if not taken in Area D) (11 Credit Hour):
    • GEOL 1121 Introductory Geology I (3 Credit Hours) and GEOL 1121L Introductory Geology I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • GEOL 1122 Introductory Geology II (3 Credit Hours) and GEOL 1122L Introductory Geology II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • CHEM 1211 Principles of Chemistry I (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 1211 Principles of Chemistry I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • CHEM 1212 Principles of Chemistry II (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 1212 Principles of Chemistry II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • MATH 1070 Elementary Statistics (3 Credit Hours)
  3. Select additional elective courses to complete 18 hours in Area F:
    • GEOG 1112K Weather and Climate (4 Credit Hours)
    • GEOG 1113K Introduction to Landforms (4 Credit Hours)
    • CHEM 2400 Organic Chemistry I (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 2400L Organic Chemistry I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • CHEM 2410 Organic Chemistry II (3 Credit Hours) and CHEM 2410L Organic Chemistry II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • MATH 2202 Calculus for the Life Sciences II (4 Credit Hours) or MATH 2212 Calculus of One Variable II (4 Credit Hours)
    • MATH 2215 Multivariate Calculus (4 Credit Hours)
    • PHYS 1111Introductory Physics I (3 Credit Hours) and PHYS 1111L Introductory Physics I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • PHYS 1112 Introductory Physics II (3 Credit Hours) and PHYS 1112L Introductory Physics II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • PHYS 2212 Principles of Physics I (3 Credit Hours) and PHYS 2212L Principles of Physics I Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • PHYS 2212 Principles of Physics II (3 Credit Hours) and PHYS 2212L Principles of Physics II Lab (1 Credit Hour)
    • [RSCH 1203] Research Strategies and Technology (1 Credit Hour)
  • Students intending to pursue the B.S. in Geosciences at Georgia State University-Atlanta should choose courses appropriate to their intended concentration. Please consult with your academic advisor for additional guidance.
  • All separate lecture and lab course combinations (e.g., BIOL 2107 and BIOL 2107L; CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211K) are commonly offered as a combined course at Georgia State University-Atlanta (e.g., BIOL 2107K; CHEM 1211K. The combined (K) courses and separate lecture and lab (L) courses cover the same subject matter and are considered equivalent courses.

VIEW THE COMPLETE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS